Doctorate book of Dr. Anne-Marie Pibiri
Polytechnical Federal School of Lausanne ( Switzerland)
ABSTRACT INDOOR AIR PURIFICATION AND VENTILATION SYSTEMS SANITATION WITH ESSENTIAL OILS
Ventilation systems often host bacteria and fungi that may be dangerous for the health
of exposed people.
Essential oils are one means of preventing microbial development. Used as
a basis for many traditional therapies, these odorant plant extracts have been studied
extensively in the medical domain and their effectiveness in the treatment of
numerous pathologies has been demonstrated. As opposed to most antimicrobial
agents currently used for air disinfection, essential oils are not toxic.
With a view to proposing an indoor air purification method based on the germicidal
and odorant properties of essential oils, we selected:
the pathogenic test strains :
the Afnor NF T72-281 protocol for the disinfection of surfaces through the air,
which showed the germicidal activity of antimicrobial agents used in gaseous phase a specific experimental apparatus some of the most active essential oils :
mountain savory, thyme thymol, oregano (vulgare) as well as cinnamon bark.
The protocol was applied to a chemical reference compound of hospitals, the
formaldehyde as well as to phenol rich essential oils.
We demonstrated that the tested essential oils in gaseous phase do have a lethal
effect on all bacteria that have been exposed to them, even in small doses.
In buildings, controlled diffusion of rigorously selected essential oils in volatile form
would validly contribute to:
− occupant comfort, through improvement of the perception of indoor air quality,
− the prevention of microbial contamination,
− microbiological purification of air and sanitation of ventilation systems.
Complete doctorate book : download .pdf
Source : Anne-Marie Pibiri, Dr ès Sciences Chemical EPFL LAUSANNE 2006
Categories: Nectar Essences